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Who Decided the Books in the Bible?

Answers to your Questions

Q: Who decided which books should be included in the Bible—both Old and New Testaments?

A: The Old Testament was completed long before the Christian era. The first five books of the Bible were written by Moses before the Hebrews entered Canaan. They were known collectively as the Law and were considered to be the inspired Word of God by all the children of Israel because Moses’s role as a prophet and mouthpiece for Jehovah had been confirmed by supernatural events which they and their children witnessed.

As the writings of the prophets and the sacred histories of the Jews enlarged, the Law of Moses was used to test every other claim of inspiration—written or oral. Isaiah exhorted his hearers to test messages by the standard of the Law: “To the law and to the testimony, if they speak not according to this word, there is no

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